Body fat is divided into three categories. We have essential body fat, reserve body fat, and excess body fat. Therefore, not all body fat is bad.
Essential body fat is the body fat needed to protect the body from infectious diseases and as well as to protect our internal organs from being bruised. Reserve body fat is the additional fat that provides reserve fuel for the body. Excess body fat, on the other hand, is the body fat that is over and above the combination of the two body fats. This fat causes the risk of stroke, diseases, diabetes, and even cancer. Therefore, this fat is the bad fat and needs to be eliminated for a healthy body.
There are right ways and tools to use to calculate the three categories of body fat.
1. Soft Tape Measure
Have someone to measure the circumference of your neck and abdomen making sure the largest part of the areas is measured. Then, subtract your neck value from your abdomen value to determine your circumference value. Using a body fat chart, compare the result to your height to estimate your body fat percentage.
Calipers can be purchased online just in case you do not have one. Calipers are used to skin-fold test pinching areas of your body and measure body fat.
3. Body Fat Scale
Body scale may now estimate your body fat percentage. It uses a technology called Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA), which works by passing an electrical current through one leg up to the pelvis and to the other parts. When you have more fats than water, it will conduct less electricity. So when the electrical current less traveled, it means you have more body fats.
4. CT Scans or MRI
Perhaps this is the most accurate way of knowing your body fat percentage because it can clearly picture your muscles images and can even measure intra-abdominal fat.